All Journal Articles

The Journal of Pediatrics Video-Based Anticipatory Guidance on Early Cognitive and Language Development in the First Six Months: A Randomized Controlled Trial

This randomized controlled trial showed that video-based anticipatory guidance implemented at well-child visits in the first six months increased knowledge of early cognitive and language development.

Framed Field Experiments Parental Investments in Early Childhood and the Gender Gap in Math and Literacy

In this paper, we use a longitudinal field experiment with 953 children and their parents to investigate whether there are differences in parental investments at early ages by child gender.

Child & Youth Care Forum Assessing Efficacy and Benefit of a Behavioral Math Talk Intervention for Caregivers of Young Children

The current efficacy study tested the hypothesis that quantity of math talk among low-SES caregivers and children is increased via a caregiver education curriculum aimed at improving caregivers’ language input to children.

Nature Communications Shifting parental beliefs about child development to foster parental investments and improve school readiness outcomes

Socioeconomic gaps in child development open up early, with associated disparities in parental investments in children. Understanding the drivers of these disparities is key to designing effective policies.

Behavioural Public Policy How can experiments play a greater role in public policy? Twelve proposals from an economic model of scaling

Leveraging the economic framework of Al-Ubaydli et al. (2019), we put forward 12 simple proposals, spanning researchers, policymakers, funders and stakeholders, which together tackle the most vexing scalability threats.

Journal of Political Economy The Effect of Early-Childhood Education on Social Preferences

We present results from the first study to examine the causal impact of early-childhood education on the social preferences of children.

The Journal of Pediatrics What Parents Know Matters: Parental Knowledge at Birth Predicts Caregiving Behaviors at 9 Months

This study sheds light on the importance of promoting parental knowledge about cognitive and language development to foster parental cognitive stimulations and language inputs during the first year of life.

Child: Care, Health and Development Parent‐directed intervention in promoting knowledge of pediatric nutrition and healthy lifestyle among low‐SES families with toddlers: A randomized controlled trial

The objective of this study is to determine the efficacy of an interactive, home visiting curriculum tailored to low socio‐economic status families in improving parental knowledge of paediatric nutrition and healthy lifestyle.

American Economic Association Measuring Success in Education: The Role of Effort on the Test Itself

We investigate whether this might reflect not only differences in ability but also differences in effort on the test.

Early Childhood Research Quarterly Enriching home language environment among families from low-SES backgrounds: A randomized controlled trial of a home visiting curriculum

This study evaluated the efficacy of the six-month 3Ts Home Visiting (3Ts-HV) curriculum, designed to empower socioeconomically disadvantaged caregivers with evidence-based knowledge and strategies.

American Academy of Pediatrics Talk, Read, Sing: Early Language Exposure As an Overlooked Social Determinant of Health

By elevating “talk, read, and sing” to the top of the newborn discharge list, future pediatricians will be ensuring that healthy brain development is the standard of care for all children.

Behavioural Public Policy Combining behavioral economics and field experiments to reimagine early childhood education

In this study, we combine behavioral economics with field experiments to reimagine a new model of early childhood education.

First Language Development of the Survey of Parent/Provider Expectations and Knowledge (SPEAK)

This study reported the development and initial validation of the Survey of Parent/Provider Expectations and Knowledge (SPEAK), a self-administered questionnaire assessing expectations and knowledge about early childhood cognitive and language development.

Clinical Pediatrics Educating Parents About Infant Language Development: A Randomized Controlled Trial

A total of 427 women (aged 18-45 years) who delivered a singleton neonate without serious medical complications were randomized to watch either an educational intervention or the sudden infant death syndrome video.

Journal of Economic Perspectives Scaling for Economists: Lessons from the Non-Adherence Problem in the Medical Literature

Economists often conduct experiments that demonstrate the benefits to individuals of modifying their behavior, such as using a new production process at work or investing in energy saving technologies.

American Economic Review What Can We Learn from Experiments? Understanding the Threats to the Scalability of Experimental Results

This paper provides an overview of the main reasons for a breakdown in scalability.

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Using Formative Research to Develop a Hospital-Based Perinatal Public Health Intervention in the United States: The Thirty Million Words Initiative Newborn Parent Education Curriculum

In this study, we detail the use of formative testing to inform the development of a curriculum designed to support the Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS).

Journal of Child Language A parent-directed language intervention for children of low socioeconomic status: a randomized controlled pilot study

A randomized controlled trial was used to evaluate whether the intervention improved parents’ knowledge of child language development and increased the amount and diversity of parent talk.

PLoS One The Curious Relation between Theory of Mind and Sharing in Preschool Age Children

The current study examined the role of early theory of mind and executive functioning in facilitating sharing in a large sample (N = 98) of preschoolers.

Seminars in Speech and Language Parent-Directed Approaches to Enrich the Early Language Environments of Children Living in Poverty

This article explores the efficacy of parent-directed interventions and their potential applicability to the wider educational achievement gap seen in typically developing populations of low socioeconomic status.

Communication Disorder Quarterly An Exploratory Study of “Quantitative Linguistic Feedback”: Effect of LENA Feedback on Adult Language Production

This exploratory pilot study evaluates the feasibility and efficacy of a novel behavior-change strategy, quantitative linguistic feedback, to influence adult linguistic behavior and, as a result, a child’s early language environment.

American Economic Journal: Economic Policy The Behavioralist Goes to School: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Educational Performance

Through a series of field experiments involving thousands of primary and secondary school students, we demonstrate the power of behavioral economics to influence educational performance.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Science Nurture affects gender differences in spatial abilities

In this study, we use a large-scale incentivized experiment with nearly 1,300 participants to show that the gender gap in spatial abilities, measured by time to solve a puzzle, disappears when we move to a matrilineal society.